History of Iran

Historic Periods & Events

 The Elamite Empire, 2500 – 644 BCE
 By: Cyrus Shahmiri

 The Art of Elamites, (The Art of Ancient Iran of Pre-Islamic era)
 By: Edith Porada

 The Median Empire, 728 – 550 BCE

 Ecbatana, (The capital of the ancient Median empire)
 By: Jona Lendering

 Rhagae, (Religious center in ancient Median empire)
 By: Jona Lendering

 The Achaemenid Empire, 550 – 330 BCE

 The Cyrus the Great Cylinder
 The first known Charter of Rights of Nations, 539 BCE.
 Edited by: Shapour Ghasemi

 Cyrus the Great: The decree of return for the Jews, 539 BCE
 Edited by: Charles F. Horne

 The Art of Achaemenids, (The Art of Ancient Iran of Pre-Islamic era)
 By: Edith Porada

 Eye of the king, (Inspector in the Achaemenid empire)
 By: Jona Lendering

 Pasargadae, (Oldest of the capitals of the ancient Achaemenid empire)
 By: Jona Lendering

 Darius the Great’s Inscription at Naqshe Rostam

 Words of Darius the Great in Bisotoun’s Inscription

 Susa, (Favorite residence of the Persian king Darius I the Great)
 By: Jona Lendering

 Achaemenid Army
 By: Professor A. Sh. Shahbazi

 Immortals, (Elite regiment in the ancient Achaemenid empire)
 By: Jona Lendering

 Persepolis, (or Parse, ancient capital of Persian -Achaemenid- Empire)

  Pictures of Persepolis, Ancient Capital of Persian -Achaemenid- Empire

 Royal Road, 5th century BCE
 By: Jona Lendering

 The Persian Wars
 By: Professor Livio C. Stecchini

 Histories of Herodotus, (A reference of Persian Empire of Achaemenian era)
 By: Herodotus of Halicarnassus

 Cyropaedia of Xenophon, The Life of Cyrus The Great
 By: Xenophon

 Anabasis of Xenophon, (A reference of Persian Empire of Achaemenian era)
 By: Xenophon

 The Anabasis of Alexander: The Battle of Gaugamela
 By: Arrian (Lucius Flavius Arrianus)

 The Battle of Gaugamela
 By: Ernst Badian

 Persian Syria 538-331 BCE; Two Centuries of Persian Rule
 By: Adnan Bounni

 Palestine Under the Persians 539-332 BCE
 By: Dr David F. Graf

 Seleucid Empire, 306 – c.150 BCE
 By: Jens Jakobsson

 Iran After the Death of Alexander and Its Resistance to Hellenism
 By: Maryam Hedayati

 The Parthian Empire, 247 BCE – 224 CE

 The Art of Parthians, (The Art of Ancient Iran of Pre-Islamic era)
 By: Edith Porada

 Parthian Army
 By: Professor A. Sh. Shahbazi

 Ctesiphon (Parthian: Tyspwn), The capital of the Parthians and the Sassanids
 By: Jona Lendering

 General Surena, The Hero of Carrhae
 By: Shapour Suren-Pahlav

 The Sassanid Empire, 224 – 642 CE

 A Review of Sassanid Images and Inscriptions
 By: Asghar Mahmoudabadi

 The Karnamak-e Ardeshir-e Papakan
 By: Charles F. Horne

 Emperor Ardeshir and the cycle of history
 Dr. Richard Frye

 Economy In Sassanian Iran
 Rika Gyselen

 The Art of Sassanians, (The Art of Ancient Iran of Pre-Islamic era)
 By: Edith Porada

 Sassanian Army
 By: Professor A. Sh. Shahbazi

 Manichaeism, (The Forgotten Religion of Sassanid Era)
 By: I.J.S. Taraporewala

 Mazdakism, (A religious and social movement of Sassanid Era)
 By: I.J.S. Taraporewala

 Islamic Conquest, 636 CE

 Saffarid Dynasty, 861 – 900 CE

 Samanid Dynasty, 819 – 999 CE
 By: Cyrus Shahmiri

 Turks and Mongols, 10th – 15th century CE

 Ziyarids Dynasty, 927 – 1043 CE

 Ghaznavid Dynasty, 962 – 1186 CE

 Ismailieh (Assassins), 11th century CE

 Safavid Empire, 1502 – 1736
 By: Shapour Ghasemi

 Afsharid Dynasty (Nader Shah), 1736 – 1757

 Zand Dynasty, 1757 – 1794

 Qajar Dynasty, 1794 – 1925

 The Siege of Herat 1837 – 1838
 By: John Carl Nelson

 The Qajar class structure
 By: Ahmad Ashraf and Ali Banuazizi

  Pictures of Qajar kings and era

 Constitutional Revolution, 1906 – 1911

  Pictures of Constitutional Revolution, 1906 – 1911

 Pahlavi Dynasty, 1925 – 1979
 By: Shapour Ghasemi

 Oil Nationalization, 1949 – 1951

 A short account of American planned 1953 Coup
 Operation code-name: TP-AJAX

 The post-Mosaddeq era and the Shah’s White Revolution

 Islamic Revolution of 1979 and Establishment of Islamic Republic of Iran

  Pictures of 1979 Revolution of Iran

 Iran after the victory of 1979’s Revolution

 Iran-Iraq War 1980 – 1988, (A short account of Iraqi invasion)

  Pictures of Iran-Iraq War 1980-88

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